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BIOUNCERTAINTY - ERC Starting Grant no. 805498

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Statistical victims, normative uncertainty, blind chance: ethics and decisions making under risk or uncertainty

A research project no. 2015/17/B/HS1/02279 funded by the National Science Centre in Poland (Opus 9); 1 February 2016 – 31 January 2020; Principal Investigator: Dr Tomasz Żuradzki.



W. Ciszewski (2021), Conscience and the Burden Inquiry – What and Why Should Be Investigated in Exemption Cases? Oxford Journal of Law and Religion, DOI:

L. Wroński (2020), Objective Consequentialism and the Plurality of Chances, Synthese, DOI:

T. Żuradzki (2020), Decyzje w sytuacjach niepewności normatywnej, Przegląd Filozoficzny 114: 53-72 DOI: 10.24425/pfns.2020.133137

T. Żuradzki, P.G. Nowak (2019), Withdrawal Aversion as a Useful Heuristic for Critical Care Decisions, American Journal of Bioethics 19 (3): 36-38

. Ciszewski, T. Żuradzki (2018), Conscientious refusal of abortion in life-threatening emergency ​circumstances and contested judgments of conscience, American Journal of Bioethics 18 (7): 62-64

J.K. Malinowska, T. Żuradzki (2017), The practical implications of the new metaphysics of race for a post-racial medicine: biomedical research methodology, institutional requirements, patient-physician relations, American Journal of Bioethics 17 (9): 61-63

T. Żuradzki (2017), The saving/creating distinction and the axiology of the cost-benefit approach to neonatal medicine, American Journal of Bioethics 17 (8): 29-31

P. Bystranowski (2017), Retributivism, Consequentialism, and the Risk of Punishing the Innocent: The Troublesome Case of Proxy Crimes, Diametros 53: 26-49

M. Thalos (2017), Expectational v. Instrumental Reasoning: What Statistics Contributes to Practical Reasoning, Diametros53: 125-149

J.R. Welch (2017), Coping with Ethical Uncertainty, Diametros 53: 150-166

T. Żuradzki (under review), Conscientious refusal, the requirement of justification, and the fetishisation of conscience in healthcare: a Polish perspective, DOI: 10.17605/OSF.IO/3WEP7

J.K. Malinowska, T. Żuradzki (under review), Race in biomedical research: the fair selection of participants for medical research and the ethics of constructing reference classes


T. Żuradzki, The cognitive mechanisms of science denial – the case of vaccination (in Polish) – the conference „The norvative issues in vaccination refusals ”, Jagiellonian University, 2 December 2017

T. Żuradzki, Conscientious objection in a democratic state – conference Atheism in Poland, Faculty “Artes Liberales”, Warsaw University, 26-27 May 2017

T. Żuradzki, The just distribution of healthcare resources and the preference toward identified victims – conference Designing Moral Technologies: Theoretical, Practical, and Ethical Issues, Universität Zürich, Ethik-Zentrum, Ascona 10-15 July 2016