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Wyniki sortowane według etykiety: biouncertainty

New paper coauthored by Vilius Dranseika: Does Macbeth See a Dagger? An Empirical Argument for the Existence-Neutrality of Seeing
publication biouncertainty

New paper coauthored by Vilius Dranseika: Does Macbeth See a Dagger? An Empirical Argument for the Existence-Neutrality of Seeing

A new paper by Viliusa Dranseiki and André Sant’Anna "Does Macbeth See a Dagger? An Empirical Argument for the Existence-Neutrality of Seeing" has been published in Erkenntnis.
Read More o New paper coauthored by Vilius Dranseika: Does Macbeth See a Dagger? An Empirical Argument for the Existence-Neutrality of Seeing
New publication by Vilius Dranseika: Memory as Evidence of Personal Identity. A Study on Reincarnation Beliefs
publication biouncertainty

New publication by Vilius Dranseika: Memory as Evidence of Personal Identity. A Study on Reincarnation Beliefs

Vilius Dranseika, assistant researcher in the BIOUNCERTAINTY project, has authored a new publication "Memory as Evidence of Personal Identity. A Study on Reincarnation Beliefs". The publication is a chapter in "Experimental Philosophy of Identity and the Self" anthology edited by Kevin Tobia.
Read More o New publication by Vilius Dranseika: Memory as Evidence of Personal Identity. A Study on Reincarnation Beliefs
New paper by Lee Elkin and Karolina Wiśniowska - Too Rational: How Predictive Coding’s Success Risks Harming the Mentally Disordered and Ill
publication biouncertainty

New paper by Lee Elkin and Karolina Wiśniowska - Too Rational: How Predictive Coding’s Success Risks Harming the Mentally Disordered and Ill

A new paper by Lee Elkin and Karolina Wiśniowska titled "Too Rational: How Predictive Coding’s Success Risks Harming the Mentally Disordered and Ill" has been published in the first issue of the Journal of NeuroPhilosophy.
Read More o New paper by Lee Elkin and Karolina Wiśniowska - Too Rational: How Predictive Coding’s Success Risks Harming the Mentally Disordered and Ill
Proxy Crimes - a new article co-authored by Piotr Bystranowski
publication biouncertainty

Proxy Crimes - a new article co-authored by Piotr Bystranowski

“Proxy crimes” is a phrase loosely used to refer to conduct that is punished only as a means to target other harmful conduct. Many criminal law scholars find the criminalization of this type of conduct unjustifiable from a retributivist perspective, while others note that proxy criminalization can contribute to mass incarceration and overcriminalization. Given the importance of these problems, a systematic analysis of proxy crimes, currently absent in the criminal law literature, is needed.
Read More o Proxy Crimes - a new article co-authored by Piotr Bystranowski
Half a Century of Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine. A Topic-Modeling Study - a new article by Piotr Bystranowski, Vilius Dranseika and Tomasz Żuradzki forthcoming in Bioethics
publication biouncertainty

Half a Century of Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine. A Topic-Modeling Study - a new article by Piotr Bystranowski, Vilius Dranseika and Tomasz Żuradzki forthcoming in Bioethics

Topic modeling–a text-mining technique often used to uncover thematic structures in large collections of texts–has been increasingly frequently employed in the context of analysis of scholarly output. In this study, we construct a corpus of 19,488 texts published since 1971 in seven leading journals in the field of bioethics and philosophy of medicine and we fit a topic model, using the latent Dirichlet algorithm (K = 100).
Read More o Half a Century of Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine. A Topic-Modeling Study - a new article by Piotr Bystranowski, Vilius Dranseika and Tomasz Żuradzki forthcoming in Bioethics
okładka czasopisma History and Philosophy of Science
publication biouncertainty

Is meta-analysis of RCTs assessing the efficacy of interventions a reliable source of evidence for therapeutic decisions? - a new article by Mariusz Maziarz

Literature-based meta-analysis is a standard technique applied to pool results of individual studies used in medicine and social sciences. It has been criticized for being too malleable to constrain results, averaging incomparable values, lacking a measure of evidence's strength, and problems with a systematic bias of individual studies. We argue against using literature-based meta-analysis of RCTs to assess treatment efficacy and show that therapeutic decisions based on meta-analytic average are not optimal given the full scope of existing evidence.
Read More o Is meta-analysis of RCTs assessing the efficacy of interventions a reliable source of evidence for therapeutic decisions? - a new article by Mariusz Maziarz
okładka czasopisma Ergo
publication biouncertainty

Regret Averse Opinion Aggregation - a new publication by Lee Elkin

It is often suggested that when opinions differ among individuals in a group, the opinions should be aggregated to form a compromise. This paper compares two approaches to aggregating opinions, linear pooling and what I call opinion agglomeration. In evaluating both strategies, I propose a pragmatic criterion, No Regrets, entailing that an aggregation strategy should prevent groups from buying and selling bets on events at prices regretted by their members.
Read More o Regret Averse Opinion Aggregation - a new publication by Lee Elkin
okładka czasopisma Ergo
publication biouncertainty

Experimental Philosophical Bioethics and Normative Inference - a new article co-authored by Vilius Dranseika

This paper explores an emerging sub-field of both empirical bioethics and experimental philosophy, which has been called “experimental philosophical bioethics” (bioxphi). As an empirical discipline, bioxphi adopts the methods of experimental moral psychology and cognitive science; it does so to make sense of the eliciting factors and underlying cognitive processes that shape people’s moral judgments, particularly about real-world matters of bioethical concern.
Read More o Experimental Philosophical Bioethics and Normative Inference - a new article co-authored by Vilius Dranseika
okładka czasopisma Ergo
publication biouncertainty

Are observer memories (accurate) memories? Insights from experimental philosophy - A new publication co-authored by Vilius Dranseika

A striking feature of our memories of the personal past is that they involve different visual perspectives: one sometimes recalls past events from one’s original point of view (a field perspective), but one sometimes recalls them from an external point of view (an observer perspective). In philosophy, observer memories are often seen as being less than fully genuine and as being necessarily false or distorted. This paper looks at whether laypeople share the standard philosophical view by applying the methods of experimental philosophy.
Read More o Are observer memories (accurate) memories? Insights from experimental philosophy - A new publication co-authored by Vilius Dranseika
okładka czasopisma Ergo
publication biouncertainty

The Precautionary Principle and Expert Disagreement - a new paper by Lee Elkin

The Precautionary Principle is typically construed as a conservative decision rule aimed at preventing harm. But Martin Peterson has argued that the principle is better understood as an epistemic rule, guiding decision-makers in forming beliefs rather than choosing among possible acts. On the epistemic view, he claims there is a principle concerning expert disagreement underlying precautionary-based reasoning called the ecumenical principle.
Read More o The Precautionary Principle and Expert Disagreement - a new paper by Lee Elkin
okładka czasopisma Ergo
publication biouncertainty

Are There Cross-Cultural Legal Principles? Modal Reasoning Uncovers Procedural Constraints on Law - a new publication co-authored by Piotr Bystranowski and Vilius Dranseika

Despite pervasive variation in the content of laws, legal theorists and anthropologists have argued that laws share certain abstract features and even speculated that law may be a human universal. In the present report, we evaluate this thesis through an experiment administered in 11 different countries. Are there cross-cultural principles of law?
Read More o Are There Cross-Cultural Legal Principles? Modal Reasoning Uncovers Procedural Constraints on Law - a new publication co-authored by Piotr Bystranowski and Vilius Dranseika
okładka czasopisma Semiotics of Law
publication biouncertainty

Do Formalist Judges Abide By Their Abstract Principles? A Two-Country Study in Adjudication - a new publication co-authored by Piotr Bystranowski

Recent literature in experimental philosophy has postulated the existence of the abstract/concrete paradox (ACP): the tendency to activate inconsistent intuitions (and generate inconsistent judgment) depending on whether a problem to be analyzed is framed in abstract terms or is described as a concrete case. One recent study supports the thesis that this effect influences judicial decision-making (...)
Read More o Do Formalist Judges Abide By Their Abstract Principles? A Two-Country Study in Adjudication - a new publication co-authored by Piotr Bystranowski
okładka czasopisma Semiotics of Law
publication biouncertainty

Resolving empirical controversies with mechanistic evidence - a new publication by Mariusz Maziarz

The results of econometric modeling are fragile in the sense that minor changes in estimation techniques or sample can lead to statistical models that support inconsistent causal hypotheses. The fragility of econometric results undermines making conclusive inferences from the empirical literature. I argue that the program of evidential pluralism, which originated in the context of medicine and encapsulates to the normative reading of the Russo-Williamson Thesis that causal claims need the support of both difference-making and mechanistic evidence (...)
Read More o Resolving empirical controversies with mechanistic evidence - a new publication by Mariusz Maziarz