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BIOUNCERTAINTY - ERC Starting Grant no. 805498

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Wyniki sortowane według etykiety: biouncertainty

Nowy artykuł współautorstwa Viliusa Dranseiki: <span lang='en'>Does Macbeth See a Dagger? An Empirical Argument for the Existence-Neutrality of Seeing</span>
publication biouncertainty

Nowy artykuł współautorstwa Viliusa Dranseiki: Does Macbeth See a Dagger? An Empirical Argument for the Existence-Neutrality of Seeing

Nowy artykuł autorstwa Viliusa Dranseiki oraz André Sant’Anny "Does Macbeth See a Dagger? An Empirical Argument for the Existence-Neutrality of Seeing" ukazał się w czasopiśmie Erkenntnis.
więcej o Nowy artykuł współautorstwa Viliusa Dranseiki: Does Macbeth See a Dagger? An Empirical Argument for the Existence-Neutrality of Seeing
Nowa publikacja Viliusa Dranseiki:<span lang='en'> Memory as Evidence of Personal Identity. A Study on Reincarnation Beliefs</span>
publication biouncertainty

Nowa publikacja Viliusa Dranseiki: Memory as Evidence of Personal Identity. A Study on Reincarnation Beliefs

Vilius Dranseika, asystent w projekcie BIOUNCERTAINTY, jest autorem nowej publikacji pod tytułem "Memory as Evidence of Personal Identity. A Study on Reincarnation Beliefs". Publikacja ukazała się jako rozdział w pracy zbiorowej "Experimental Philosophy of Identity and the Self" więcej o Nowa publikacja Viliusa Dranseiki: Memory as Evidence of Personal Identity. A Study on Reincarnation Beliefs
Nowy artykuł Lee Elkina i Karoliny Wiśniowskiej - <span lang='en'>Too Rational: How Predictive Coding’s Success Risks Harming the Mentally Disordered and Ill</span>
publication biouncertainty

Nowy artykuł Lee Elkina i Karoliny Wiśniowskiej - Too Rational: How Predictive Coding’s Success Risks Harming the Mentally Disordered and Ill

Nowy artykuł Lee Elkina oraz Karoliny Wiśniowskiej pod tytułem "Too Rational: How Predictive Coding’s Success Risks Harming the Mentally Disordered and Ill" ukazał się w pierwszym numerze czasopisma Journal of NeuroPhilosophy.
więcej o Nowy artykuł Lee Elkina i Karoliny Wiśniowskiej - Too Rational: How Predictive Coding’s Success Risks Harming the Mentally Disordered and Ill
Proxy Crimes - nowy artykuł współautorstwa Piotra Bystranowskiego
publication biouncertainty

Proxy Crimes - nowy artykuł współautorstwa Piotra Bystranowskiego

“Proxy crimes” is a phrase loosely used to refer to conduct that is punished only as a means to target other harmful conduct. Many criminal law scholars find the criminalization of this type of conduct unjustifiable from a retributivist perspective, while others note that proxy criminalization can contribute to mass incarceration and overcriminalization. Given the importance of these problems, a systematic analysis of proxy crimes, currently absent in the criminal law literature, is needed.
więcej o Proxy Crimes - nowy artykuł współautorstwa Piotra Bystranowskiego
<span lang='en'>Half a Century of Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine. A Topic-Modeling Study </span>- nowy artykuł Piotra Bystranowskiego, Viliusa Dranseiki i Tomasza Żuradzkiego zaakceptowany do druku w czasopiśmie <span lang='en'>"Bioethics"</span>
publication biouncertainty

Half a Century of Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine. A Topic-Modeling Study - nowy artykuł Piotra Bystranowskiego, Viliusa Dranseiki i Tomasza Żuradzkiego zaakceptowany do druku w czasopiśmie "Bioethics"

Topic modeling–a text-mining technique often used to uncover thematic structures in large collections of texts–has been increasingly frequently employed in the context of analysis of scholarly output. In this study, we construct a corpus of 19,488 texts published since 1971 in seven leading journals in the field of bioethics and philosophy of medicine and we fit a topic model, using the latent Dirichlet algorithm (K = 100).
więcej o Half a Century of Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine. A Topic-Modeling Study - nowy artykuł Piotra Bystranowskiego, Viliusa Dranseiki i Tomasza Żuradzkiego zaakceptowany do druku w czasopiśmie "Bioethics"
okładka czasopisma History and Philosophy of Science
publication biouncertainty

Is meta-analysis of RCTs assessing the efficacy of interventions a reliable source of evidence for therapeutic decisions? - nowy artykuł Mariusza Maziarza

Literature-based meta-analysis is a standard technique applied to pool results of individual studies used in medicine and social sciences. It has been criticized for being too malleable to constrain results, averaging incomparable values, lacking a measure of evidence's strength, and problems with a systematic bias of individual studies. We argue against using literature-based meta-analysis of RCTs to assess treatment efficacy and show that therapeutic decisions based on meta-analytic average are not optimal given the full scope of existing evidence.
więcej o Is meta-analysis of RCTs assessing the efficacy of interventions a reliable source of evidence for therapeutic decisions? - nowy artykuł Mariusza Maziarza
okładka czasopisma Ergo
publication biouncertainty

Regret Averse Opinion Aggregation - nowa publikacja autorstwa Lee Elkina

It is often suggested that when opinions differ among individuals in a group, the opinions should be aggregated to form a compromise. This paper compares two approaches to aggregating opinions, linear pooling and what I call opinion agglomeration. In evaluating both strategies, I propose a pragmatic criterion, No Regrets, entailing that an aggregation strategy should prevent groups from buying and selling bets on events at prices regretted by their members.
więcej o Regret Averse Opinion Aggregation - nowa publikacja autorstwa Lee Elkina
okładka czasopisma Ergo
publication biouncertainty

Experimental Philosophical Bioethics and Normative Inference - nowa publikacja współautorstwa Viliusa Dranseiki

This paper explores an emerging sub-field of both empirical bioethics and experimental philosophy, which has been called “experimental philosophical bioethics” (bioxphi). As an empirical discipline, bioxphi adopts the methods of experimental moral psychology and cognitive science; it does so to make sense of the eliciting factors and underlying cognitive processes that shape people’s moral judgments, particularly about real-world matters of bioethical concern.
więcej o Experimental Philosophical Bioethics and Normative Inference - nowa publikacja współautorstwa Viliusa Dranseiki
okładka czasopisma Ergo
publication biouncertainty

Are observer memories (accurate) memories? Insights from experimental philosophy - nowy artykuł współautorstwa Viliusa Dranseiki

A striking feature of our memories of the personal past is that they involve different visual perspectives: one sometimes recalls past events from one’s original point of view (a field perspective), but one sometimes recalls them from an external point of view (an observer perspective). In philosophy, observer memories are often seen as being less than fully genuine and as being necessarily false or distorted. This paper looks at whether laypeople share the standard philosophical view by applying the methods of experimental philosophy.
więcej o Are observer memories (accurate) memories? Insights from experimental philosophy - nowy artykuł współautorstwa Viliusa Dranseiki
okładka czasopisma Ergo
publication biouncertainty

The Precautionary Principle and Expert Disagreement - nowa publikacja autorstwa Lee Elkina

The Precautionary Principle is typically construed as a conservative decision rule aimed at preventing harm. But Martin Peterson has argued that the principle is better understood as an epistemic rule, guiding decision-makers in forming beliefs rather than choosing among possible acts. On the epistemic view, he claims there is a principle concerning expert disagreement underlying precautionary-based reasoning called the ecumenical principle.
więcej o The Precautionary Principle and Expert Disagreement - nowa publikacja autorstwa Lee Elkina
okładka czasopisma Ergo
publication biouncertainty

Are There Cross-Cultural Legal Principles? Modal Reasoning Uncovers Procedural Constraints on Law - nowy artykuł współautorstwa Piotra Bystranowskiego i Viliusa Dranseiki

Despite pervasive variation in the content of laws, legal theorists and anthropologists have argued that laws share certain abstract features and even speculated that law may be a human universal. In the present report, we evaluate this thesis through an experiment administered in 11 different countries. Are there cross-cultural principles of law?
więcej o Are There Cross-Cultural Legal Principles? Modal Reasoning Uncovers Procedural Constraints on Law - nowy artykuł współautorstwa Piotra Bystranowskiego i Viliusa Dranseiki
okładka czasopisma Semiotics of Law
publication biouncertainty

Do Formalist Judges Abide By Their Abstract Principles? A Two-Country Study in Adjudication - nowy artykuł współautorstwa Piotra Bystranowskiego

Recent literature in experimental philosophy has postulated the existence of the abstract/concrete paradox (ACP): the tendency to activate inconsistent intuitions (and generate inconsistent judgment) depending on whether a problem to be analyzed is framed in abstract terms or is described as a concrete case. One recent study supports the thesis that this effect influences judicial decision-making (...)
więcej o Do Formalist Judges Abide By Their Abstract Principles? A Two-Country Study in Adjudication - nowy artykuł współautorstwa Piotra Bystranowskiego
okładka czasopisma Semiotics of Law
publication biouncertainty

Resolving empirical controversies with mechanistic evidence - nowy artykuł Mariusza Maziarza

The results of econometric modeling are fragile in the sense that minor changes in estimation techniques or sample can lead to statistical models that support inconsistent causal hypotheses. The fragility of econometric results undermines making conclusive inferences from the empirical literature. I argue that the program of evidential pluralism, which originated in the context of medicine and encapsulates to the normative reading of the Russo-Williamson Thesis that causal claims need the support of both difference-making and mechanistic evidence (...)
więcej o Resolving empirical controversies with mechanistic evidence - nowy artykuł Mariusza Maziarza