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BIOUNCERTAINTY - ERC Starting Grant no. 805498

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The goal of the Interdisciplinary Centre for Ethics (INCET) at the Jagiellonian University is to encourage and support research activities in philosophy and ethics, in particular research on the classic bioethical dilemmas (e.g. reproductive or end-of-life decisions, organ transplantation, clinical decision making) and on topics that emerge from recent technological, social, and scientific developments (e.g. regulating scientific research, genetic engineering, human enhancement, new healthcare and reproductive technologies, evidence based medicine, preventive medicine, big data, artificial intelligence, algorithmic decision-making). See more

 

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News

9 June 2022 - Cristian Timmermann - Levels of Explicability for medical Artificial Intelligence: What do we need and what can we get?
seminar

9 June 2022 - Cristian Timmermann - Levels of Explicability for medical Artificial Intelligence: What do we need and what can we get?

We have the pleasure to invite you to another research seminar in the ‘BIOUNCERTAINTY’ research project. This week Cristian Timmermann will give a talk: "Levels of Explicability for medical Artificial Intelligence: What do we need and what can we get?". The seminar will take place on Thursday, 9th of June, at 17:30 p.m. in the room 25 of Institute of Philosophy of Jagiellonian University and via MS Teams.
Upcoming INCET conference 'Bioethics Meets Philosophy of Science'

Upcoming INCET conference 'Bioethics Meets Philosophy of Science'

The upcoming conference organized by the Interdisciplinary Centre for Ethics at the Jagiellonian University will explore practical, theoretical, and regulatory issues in biomedical research through the joint perspective of bioethics and philosophy of science. The conference will take place from the 20th till the 21st of May 2022. It will be held at Larisch Palace, Bracka 12, Kraków.
A new project funded by the National Science Centre: The revision of the dominant classifications of medical aid-in-dying practices

A new project funded by the National Science Centre: The revision of the dominant classifications of medical aid-in-dying practices

In October, we begin new research project funded by Poland's National Science Centre (Narodowe Centrum Nauki) as part of the Preludium BIS call, number: UMO-2021/43/O/HS1/02951; 1st of October 2022 - 30th of September 2026, head of the project: dr hab. Tomasz Żuradzki, prof. UJ.
13 April 2022 - Maciej Juzaszek: Precautionary principle as an encroachment on evidence-based law
seminar

13 April 2022 - Maciej Juzaszek: Precautionary principle as an encroachment on evidence-based law

We have the pleasure to invite you to another research seminar in the ‘BIOUNCERTAINTY’ research project. This week Maciej Juzaszek will give a talk: "Precautionary principle as an encroachment on evidence-based law". The seminar will take place on Wednesday, 13th of April, at 17:30 p.m. in the room 25 of Institute of Philosophy of Jagiellonian University and via MS Teams.
Short visiting fellowships at the Jagiellonian University in Kraków

Short visiting fellowships at the Jagiellonian University in Kraków

The Interdisciplinary Centre for Ethics (INCET) at the Jagiellonian University in Kraków welcomes applications for short (no longer than about two weeks) visiting fellowships for the years 2022 and 2023. Submissions from Ukrainian scholars are especially welcome (also for longer stays). We particularly support applications from scholars who plan to come to Kraków to work jointly with us on applications to secure funding for a research project. We will review applications on an ongoing basis.
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Recent publications

Proxy Crimes - a new article co-authored by Piotr Bystranowski

Proxy Crimes - a new article co-authored by Piotr Bystranowski

“Proxy crimes” is a phrase loosely used to refer to conduct that is punished only as a means to target other harmful conduct. Many criminal law scholars find the criminalization of this type of conduct unjustifiable from a retributivist perspective, while others note that proxy criminalization can contribute to mass incarceration and overcriminalization. Given the importance of these problems, a systematic analysis of proxy crimes, currently absent in the criminal law literature, is needed.
Half a Century of Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine. A Topic-Modeling Study - a new article by Piotr Bystranowski, Vilius Dranseika and Tomasz Żuradzki forthcoming in Bioethics

Half a Century of Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine. A Topic-Modeling Study - a new article by Piotr Bystranowski, Vilius Dranseika and Tomasz Żuradzki forthcoming in Bioethics

Topic modeling–a text-mining technique often used to uncover thematic structures in large collections of texts–has been increasingly frequently employed in the context of analysis of scholarly output. In this study, we construct a corpus of 19,488 texts published since 1971 in seven leading journals in the field of bioethics and philosophy of medicine and we fit a topic model, using the latent Dirichlet algorithm (K = 100).
Is meta-analysis of RCTs assessing the efficacy of interventions a reliable source of evidence for therapeutic decisions? - a new article by Mariusz Maziarz

Is meta-analysis of RCTs assessing the efficacy of interventions a reliable source of evidence for therapeutic decisions? - a new article by Mariusz Maziarz

Literature-based meta-analysis is a standard technique applied to pool results of individual studies used in medicine and social sciences. It has been criticized for being too malleable to constrain results, averaging incomparable values, lacking a measure of evidence's strength, and problems with a systematic bias of individual studies. We argue against using literature-based meta-analysis of RCTs to assess treatment efficacy and show that therapeutic decisions based on meta-analytic average are not optimal given the full scope of existing evidence.
Regret Averse Opinion Aggregation - a new publication by Lee Elkin

Regret Averse Opinion Aggregation - a new publication by Lee Elkin

It is often suggested that when opinions differ among individuals in a group, the opinions should be aggregated to form a compromise. This paper compares two approaches to aggregating opinions, linear pooling and what I call opinion agglomeration. In evaluating both strategies, I propose a pragmatic criterion, No Regrets, entailing that an aggregation strategy should prevent groups from buying and selling bets on events at prices regretted by their members.

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